Labia Majora: are the two most prominent longitudinal cutaneous folds which extend downward and backward from the mons pubis to the perineum.

Labia Minora: are two longitudinal cutaneous folds on the human vulva on the inner side of the Labia Majora.

Pasty: to model or give shape a part of the body.

Epidural: most used is the type of anesthesia, the patient will be awake and conscious.

Presurgical Evaluation: it's the Cardiologists turn to check you up and give you an OK for surgery. During this consult you will be evaluated thoroughly (Chest X-ray, Electrocardiogram).

Tubal Ligation: this is the surgery for "Not having more babies". It could be done via a Laparoscope (with 2 tiny incisions) or trough a small incision on top the Mount of Venus.

Patients often are mislead to think that Tubal Ligation does not involve cutting. First we Ligate, then Cut, then Cauterize the ends of the Tubes.

This procedure is one of the most asked by patients either having Gynecological or Plastic Surgery so it won't damage their "Tummy Tuck".

Hormones: are substances produced by glands in the body to control functions of various organs.

Urethra: duct or tubing connecting the bladder and the exterior of the body.

Urinary Bladder: muscular urine reservoir that as a "Balloon" collects urine, it is on top of the vagina making it the ceiling of the vagina.

Vagina: virtual canal that connects the internal female genital tract and exterior.

Vulva: refers to the external genital tract of the female.

Cistocele: protrusion or bulging of the bladder into the vaginal canal sometimes resulting in Urinary Incontinence (Involuntary Loss of Urine).

Urethrocele: loss of tone on the urethral canal.

Rectocele: rectal tissue bulges through this tear and into the vagina as a hernia due to increased intra abdominal pressure, childbirth, hysterectomy. Enterocele is when the small intestine bulges on the vaginal floor.

Urinary Tract Infection: common ailments for women (due to the short urethra) women get more UTI's. Most are acute; some patients could suffer from chronic infection that could also lead to Incontinence.

Stress Urinary Incontinence: involuntary loss of urine, due to great efforts like coughing, sneezing, laughing, carrying heavy objects etc.

Uterine Prolapse: the uterus without proper sustaining elements "falls" from the pelvic cavity towards the vaginal canal and vulva.

Urinary Cathether: it's the Latex tube placed in the patient's urethra and bladder to measure the urine output during and after surgery it also helps void the patient's bladder so you won't have to go to the bathroom while you rest.

In some patients who have had an Urinary Incontinences Surgery 90% of the time the catheter is removed the next day, in others it will have to stay until the patients muscles are re educated to control the stream in other words "You Will Need to Learn to Urinate Again" , this because the new position of the bladder and urethra.

This is very important that the patient is aware of that she might need some help for a few days , it's like using Crutches after a Knee surgery.

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